European Commission spokesman says there is a â€œstrong chanceâ€ that the UK could face enforcement action from the EU over air quality breaches after yesterdayâ€™s Supreme Court ruling
There is a â€œstrong chanceâ€ that the UK will face enforcement action over its failure to meet EU air quality limits in various areas in the country, according to the European Commission.
The Supreme Court yesterday (May 1) ruled that the UK was in breach of EU legal limits for nitrogen dioxide in 16 of its 43 zones, and referred the case to the Court of Justice of the European Union (see airqualitynews.com story).
As a result, European Commission environment spokesman Joseph Hennon said there was a â€œstrong chanceâ€ that the Commission would take enforcement action against the UK after campaign group ClientEarthâ€™s case goes to the EU Court (CJEU).
Enforcement action from the EU could result in the UK being handed multi-million pound fines for failing to meet air quality limits.
However, Mr Hennon said that the Commission would need to consider whether to take enforcement action against the UK individually or to take action collectively against a number of member states in breach of limits.
Commenting on yesterdayâ€™s ruling, Mr Hennon said that the Commission â€œwelcomes the UK Supreme Court judgmentâ€ as it means the CJEU â€œcan now give EU-wide guidance and interpretation of the Air Quality Directiveâ€.
He also said that the Commission â€œwelcomes fact that UK’s top court recognises enforcement of EU law is as much national task as EU level oneâ€ and that â€œcitizens and NGOs should be able to take environment issues to the national courts rather than to the European courtâ€.
Speaking to airqualitynews.com, Mr Hennon said: â€œI would say there is a strong chance that the Commission would take enforcement action against the UK over the air quality breaches.
â€œDefra and CientEarth first of all need to agree on the precise questions to go to the European court, which the UK Supreme Court has given them four weeks to do. After that, it could take several months to go to the European court, but it is really up to the court. The process will certainly be much faster than if the Commission had taken the case to court.â€
Defra has not commented specifically on the case or yesterdayâ€™s ruling, but said yesterday that: â€œAir quality has improved significantly in recent decades and almost all of the UK meets EU air quality limits for all pollutants.â€
Responding to this statement, ClientEarth lawyer Alan Andrews said it was â€œmisleading to say that almost all of the UK meets EU air quality limitsâ€ and called on the government to â€œbe honest about air pollutionâ€™s scale and impactâ€.
He said: â€œMuch of the UK land mass has a low population. Air pollution is a problem in cities where most people live. If youâ€™re on holiday in the Highlands youâ€™re at a low risk. If you grow up in an inner city it could do you irreversible and life threatening damage. If weâ€™re going to solve this problem the first thing the Government needs to do is be honest about air pollutionâ€™s scale and impact.â€
However, responding to ClientEarth in a message on Twitter, Defraâ€™s director of climate, waste and atmosphere, Colin Church (@DefraWaste) said: â€œnot misleading. Average grid square NO2 conc weighted for population was 20 ug/m3, well below limit (40ug/m3) in 2010.â€
Commenting on yesterdayâ€™s Supreme Court ruling, Keith Taylor, MEP for South East England, said: â€œThis ruling confirms what many of us have been saying for a long time: The UK government must do more to protect the population from harmful levels of air pollution.
The government has known about these maximum limits for over ten years, yet has done precious little to reduce pollution. We now know that air pollution is second only to smoking in damaging human health. Itâ€™s time for immediate action, starting with reducing pollution in towns and cities.â€
Also commenting on yesterdayâ€™s ruling, Clean Air in London campaigner, Simon Birkett, congratulated ClientEarth and said the judgment would â€œsend shockwaves through governmentâ€.
He said: â€œThe UKâ€™s top court has sent a powerful message to the government that it cannot continue to ride roughshod over air pollution laws. Further, the wide ranging proposed reference to the Court of Justice of the European Union means that this case could soon set precedents for the most important aspects of air pollution laws across the whole of Europe, i.e. what must be done by when if laws are breached and the penalties for not acting.
â€œThe government and the London Mayor must wake up to this new reality and take action to protect the general public not lobby to weaken these laws during the Year of Air in 2013.â€