Common definitions and vocabulary for low emission vehicles should be established to help better ensure local policy measures are consistent with each other according to a new good practice guide.
The guideÂ â€“ â€˜Local Measures to Encourage the Uptake of Low Emission Vehiclesâ€™ â€“ has been produced by the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership.
The Partnership notes that with 12 cities shortlisted for the Â£35m Go Ultra Low City scheme now preparing their final bids, the Guide provides a wide range of options that bidders may employ.
Gloria Esposito, LowCVP Head of Projects, said: â€œThe Guide can help local authorities to offer consistent benefits to individuals and companies which will give LEV drivers the peace of mind and confidence they need to make the switch.â€
Released to coincide with the LowCVPâ€™s 2015 Annual Conference which featured a discussion on mobility in future cities, the LowCVP identified five â€˜Pâ€™s from the Guide â€“ levers that local authorities can most effectively use to influence low emission vehicle uptake at the local level:
â€¢Â Parking – discounts for LEVs or dedicated bays
â€¢Â Permits – discounts for LEVs to operate in low emission zones and for residents; preferential permits for LEV taxis
â€¢Â Planning â€“ embedding consideration for LEV fuelling infrastructure into local development
â€¢Â Procurement â€“ local authorities specifying LEVs for their own fleets and setting leading standards for their service providers
â€¢Â Promotion – of the benefits to business and via educational activity within the local community.
It reasons that the five â€˜Psâ€™ are amongst the most powerful of the range of options available to local policy makers as levers to stimulate local LEV uptake. Light duty vehicles – cars, vans & taxis – contribute much of the air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions in towns and cities across the UK. Low emission vehicles have a critical role to play in addressing these two challenges and in contributing to sustainable transport systems. Action taken at the local level can be instrumental in complementing national policies by making LEVs more convenient, cost effective and desirable to use.
The Partnership said: â€œThis Good Practice Guide aims to assist local and city authorities in understanding a broad range of policy measures and initiatives that can be utilised to encourage the uptake of LEVs. The Guide – published to a timescale intended to benefit the bidders for the Â£35m available from OLEVâ€™s Go Ultra Low City scheme – covers 12 distinct areas including planning; procurement; taxis and private hire vehicles; parking and infrastructure provision.â€
Examples of successful private public partnerships are explained in combination with case studies of good practice in the UK and internationally. The Guide outlines challenges local authorities face in adopting LEV policies, and provides recommendations for how these can be overcome.
Local authorities are advised to set appropriate definitions for low emissions, prescribing the most up-to-date Euro engine emission standards and aligning CO2 emission standards with national policy guidelines. A key recommendation from this Guide is that policy measures implemented at the local level are consistent with each other, in order to create coordination between areas rather than confusion.
Research undertaken in developing the Guide found that air quality was the most powerful driver for local authorities to implement low emissions policies, followed by mitigating climate change.
Derek McCreadie, low emission officer, City of York Council, said: â€œCity of York Council recognises the importance of using local policy measures to support the adoption of low emission vehicles. The new LowCVP â€˜Good Practice Guideâ€™ offers a broad range of case studies and innovative policy ideas that can be replicable across any local government context.â€