The governmentâ€™s new minister with responsibility for air quality, Rory Stewart, responded to a number of points raised during a debate on Londonâ€™s air pollution in the House of Commons yesterday, emphasising his support for electric vehicles (June 9).
As well as answering in relative detail to a number of London MPsâ€™ constituency concerns during a 90-minute debate in Westminster Hall, Mr Stewart appeared to suggest that the government was considering fiscal measures â€“ such as vehicle scrappage schemes and excise duty changes â€“ to cut diesel emissions.
Any such fiscal measures would likely be announced in the upcoming Budget on July 8.
Responding to Labour MP Barry Gardnerâ€™s calls for such diesel scrapped measures during the debate, Mr Stewart said: â€œThe issues of fuel duty, nitrogen dioxide and emission-based pricing in general are important. The hon. Gentleman would not expect me to pre-empt the Treasury or to start disrupting markets by talking about such fiscal instruments, but he is right that they are, logically, one thing a responsible Government should investigate in looking at a panoply of responses to emissions.â€
Elsewhere, the Defra minister said that in order to reduce air pollution in urban areas such as London:
â€œElectric cars must be central, because if there is a single technology that can address many of these issuesâ€”air pollutants, public health and carbon emissionsâ€”it is them.â€
However, Mr Stewart also said yesterday that there is no date yet set for the publication of the UKâ€™s new air quality plan, which is currently being drawn up, although it has been suggested that it is likely to appear for consultation later this summer.
Issues were also raised about the capitalâ€™s busy shopping destination, Oxford Street, where air pollution has been described by scientists as among the â€˜highest in the worldâ€™ for nitrogen dioxide.
But Mr Stewart, who previously served in the armed forces, said: â€œAs somebody who lived in Kabul, in Afghanistan, for three and a half years, I find it difficult to believe that the levels of particulate matter in Oxford Street are higher than those we experienced there.â€
He explained that the â€œmore legitimate comparison is with developed European cities, and we need to make sure that London is moving in the right directionâ€.
However, the Defra minister was upbeat about possible EU action against the UK for air pollution breaches. He suggested that the UK owes Europe â€œa debt of gratitude in many ways for holding to account not only us, but 17 European countries that are in breach of their nitrogen dioxide thresholdsâ€.
But, on airport expansion â€“ with the Davies Commission expected to unleash its final report soon â€“ Mr Stewart admitted to â€œevading the issueâ€ on what concerns the government might have about air quality impacts from Heathrow Airport and its possible expansion, adding that â€œI am not going to take a grand stance on Heathrowâ€.
Finally, concluding the debate, the Defra minister commented:
â€œAlthough some progress has been made, each new step is becoming more and more difficult. We are not dealing simply with one issue, such as diesel cars, but with a dozen different issues, all of which contribute almost equally to diesel emissions.â€
The debate was instigated by Labour MP for Hackney North and Stoke Newington, Diane Abbott, who is seeking nomination as the Labour Partyâ€™s candidate for London Mayor in 2016.
Current Mayor Boris Johnson, who also attends cabinet meetings as MP for Uxbridge and South Ruislip, is standing down at the election next year after two terms, but he came in for strong criticism from Mrs Abbot for his record on air pollution.
In her speech yesterday, Mrs Abbot, Labourâ€™s former shadow minister for public health, said that Mr Johnsonâ€™s plans for an ultra low emission zone (ULEZ) in the capital from 2020 were â€œtoo little too lateâ€ and called for it to come into force two years earlier in 2018.
She said: â€œ93% of the most polluted roads in London will be outside the zone and may in fact experience greater pollution as vehicles circumvent the area and move the pollution into more residential and poorer parts of the city.
The Labour MP added: â€œWith cities across Europe adopting low and ultra-low emissions zones there is a huge prize for the manufacturers of low-zero emissions vehicles. There are also very significant risks to manufacturers that choose to bet against this trend.â€
Mrs Abbot also criticised the government for threatening to hand down to councils any potential fines from the EU for non-compliance with air quality directives, arguing that the UK Supreme Courtâ€™s recent judgement showed that these breaches were the responsibility of central government.
Concluding her speech, she said:
â€œWhat is the point of a government that cannot and will not deliver clean air for its citizens?â€
However, in the House of Lords that afternoon, Defraâ€™s spokesman Lord Gardiner appeared to be tight-lipped on vehicle excise duty changes or scrappage schemes, stating that: â€œWhile there are no plans at the moment for a national scrappage scheme, we will be keeping all measures under review.â€
Recently appointed as Defraâ€™s spokesman in the Lords in the wake of the General Election following Lord de Mauleyâ€™s departure, Lord Gardiner of Kimble also said that vehicle excise duty is â€œclearly a matter for the Chancellor of the Exchequer to considerâ€.
However, he emphasised: â€œI know from my few weeks in the Department that this [air quality] is being considered very strongly indeed.â€
Lord Gardinerâ€™s comments came in response to a question from Baroness Jones on when Defra intended to bring forward a new air quality plan to comply with NO2 limits by 2020.
The Lord suggested that the new air quality plan for the UK would brought forward for public consultation â€œlater this summer, precisely to deal with the point that the noble Lord made, which is that this is a health issueâ€.
He added: â€œThat is why the government are determined to and will be bringing forward plans â€“ because we are aware of the effect on peopleâ€™s health.â€