Independent Transport Commission report argues environmental fears should not be a â€˜show-stopperâ€™ for airport expansion
Environmental concerns over air pollution, carbon emissions and noise from aviation operations should not be a â€œshow stopperâ€ for expanding either Heathrow or Gatwick airports, an Independent Transport Commission report argued today (March 7).
The government announced in December that it would be conducting further work on possible environmental impacts of expanding either Gatwick or Heathrow, but the ICT said that these challenges â€“ including those on air quality â€“ can be overcome.
It concludes: â€œThe issue clearly needs to be tackled irrespective of airport expansion, and the report suggests tools exist to enable this to happen.â€
The report is based on research carried out by sustainability experts Peter Hind and RDC Aviation Ltd that examined a â€˜wide range of sourcesâ€™ relating to the nitrogen dioxide (NOx), noise and CO2 arising from UK aviation operations.
The reportâ€™s findings indicate that technological improvements will mitigate any future increases in noise, CO2 and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions arising from airport expansion, and that â€˜rapidâ€™ improvements in these areas over the past 30 years are likely to continue.
According to ICT, NOx and particulate matter emissions around airports are principally cause by surface transport â€“ an issue which transcends the aviation industry and requires national government policies to encourage a modal shift from car to rail to reduce emissions.
Chair of ICTâ€™s aviation group, Dr Stephen Hickey, said the report shows that air quality challenges of airport expansion â€œare not insurmountableâ€, and that capacity expansion is a â€œcritical enabler for increase employment, trade, investment and productivityâ€.
â€œWhether the government pursues the proposal to expand Gatwick or Heathrow, the ITC research demonstrates that sustainability concerns should not stop the UK realising the great additional benefits that increased connectivity can provide” – Dr Stephen Hickey, ICT
Dr Hickey said: â€œWhether the government pursues the proposal to expand Gatwick or Heathrow, the ITC research demonstrates that sustainability concerns should not stop the UK realising the great additional benefits that increased connectivity can provide.
â€œThe findings suggest that noise and local air quality impacts can be managed downwards given the right mix of operational, policy and technological development, while incremental improvements in emission output are being delivered on an annual basis.â€
Heathrow Airport welcomed the reportâ€™s findings, and agreed that as the main contributor to emissions around airports came from surface transport, air quality was therefore a â€œnational problem which needs government actionâ€.
This, Heathrow argues, supports monitoring data at two sites around the airport which show airport-related emissions contribute less than 16% of the total emissions breaches beside major road junctions.
Matt Gorman, Heathrow director of sustainability, said: â€œHeathrow has called for local and national partners to work together on a plan to reduce the impact of non-airport related vehicles, which are the major source of local air pollution. The huge benefits of additional capacity at our airport need not come at the expense of the environment â€“ Heathrow expansion can deliver for both.â€
However, the UK government has been threatened with legal action by councillors from four London boroughs should it opt to build a third runway at Heathrow.
“The simple fact is that Heathrow expansion would be too noisy, polluting and damaging to local communities. Itâ€™s time for ministers to recognise the huge weight of evidence that shows that the third runway plan is impossible” – David Burbage, Windsor and Maidenhead council leader
Harrison Grant Solicitors â€“ acting on behalf of Hillingdon, Richmond, Wandsworth and Windsor and Maidenhead councils â€“ has written to the Prime Minister to highlight â€œinsurmountable environmental problemsâ€ which would make a decision to expand Heathrow â€œirrational or otherwise unlawfulâ€.
It warns David Cameron that the recommendations of the Airports Commission, which favoured building another Heathrow runway â€œwere based on a flawed assessment of the impacts on air quality and noiseâ€.
Commenting on the solicitorsâ€™ letter, councillor David Burbage, leader of Windsor and Maidenhead council, said: â€œThe Commissionâ€™s work on air pollution and noise has been discredited and cannot be used to form a robust national aviation policy.Â The simple fact is that Heathrow expansion would be too noisy, polluting and damaging to local communities. Itâ€™s time for ministers to recognise the huge weight of evidence that shows that the third runway plan is impossible.â€