Oxford city council and Oxfordshire county council have announced plans to introduce what has been described as the worldâ€™s first â€œZero Emission Zoneâ€ in Oxford city centre.
The proposal would see diesel and petrol vehicles banned from Oxford city centre in phases, starting with some vehicle types and a small number of streets in 2020, potentiallyÂ moving to all vehicle types across the whole city centre in 2035.
The Zero Emission Zone proposals would cut the nitrogen dioxide level in Oxford city centreâ€™s most polluted street, George Street, by 74% by 2035, bringing it well below the legal limit, the authorities claim.
According to the city council, latest monitoring data has found that air pollution appears to have plateaued above the legal limits in some parts of the city. Between 2011 and 2013, average NO2Â levels across the city centre fell by 18.9%; but between 2014 and 2016 they fell by just 3.9%.
On Monday (16 October), the city and county councils will launch a six-week public consultation on the proposals â€“ seeking views on the speed of the implementation, and the vehicle types and roads affected.
Councillor John Tanner, Oxford city council executive board member for a clean and green Oxford, said: â€œToxic and illegal air pollution in the city centre is damaging the health of Oxfordâ€™s residents. A step change is urgently needed; the Zero Emission Zone is that step change.
â€œAll of us who drive or use petrol or diesel vehicles through Oxford are contributing to the cityâ€™s toxic air. Everyone needs to do their bit â€“ from national Government and local authorities, to businesses and residents â€“ to end this public health emergency.
â€œThe county and city together are proposing a staged Zero Emission Zone from 2020 in the city centre, with additional measures to bring down chronic pollution in St Clementâ€™s Street, High Street and St Aldateâ€™s. Everyone who uses Oxford centre has the right to breathe clean air.
â€œI would urge everyone who uses Oxford city centre to take part in the consultation. We need to know, in detail, what peopleâ€™s needs are, so that we can plan a Zero Emission Zone that minimises impact on business and residents while maximising impact on the cityâ€™s health.â€
The proposals would see: